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Bradford Campus

General Procedures

Medical Emergency

  • Remain Calm.
  • Initiate lifesaving measures and first aid if required.
  • Send someone to call for emergency response:
    • Ambulance: 9-911
    • Public Safety: X1-0333
  • Do not remove the injured person unless there is danger of further harm.
  • Keep the injured person warm.

Major Incident

  • Attend to the injured or contaminated persons and remove them from exposure.
  • Alert people to evacuate the area.
  • Send someone to call for Emergency Response:
    • Fire: Pull fire alarm or call 9-911
    • Chemical Spill: x1-0333
    • Radiation Spill: 412-624-2728 or 412-647-2345
    • Biological Spill: x1-0333
  • Close doors to the affected area.
  • Have a person knowledgeable of incident and laboratory available to assist emergency personnel.

Fire

Notes & Precautions

Small fires can be extinguished without evacuation. Be ready to evacuate in the event the fire cannot be controlled. Fire extinguishers should be used only by trained personnel. Never enter a room that is smoke-filled. Never enter a room containing a fire without a backup person. Never enter a room if the top half of the door is warm to touch.

Small Fire

  • Alert people in the laboratory and activate the alarm.
  • Smother fire or use the correct fire extinguisher.
  • Aim the extinguisher at the base of fire.
  • Always maintain an accessible exit.
  • Avoid smoke or fumes.

Major Fire

  • Alert people in the area to evacuate.
  • Activate the nearest fire alarm or call the fire emergency response number.
  • Close doors to confine the fire.
  • Evacuate to a safe area or exit the building through stairwells; do not use the elevator.
  • Have a person knowledgeable of the incident and the laboratory assist emergency personnel.

Radiation Spill

Notes & Precautions

Spreading of radiation beyond the spill area can easily occur by the movement of personnel involved in the spill or cleanup effort. Prevent spread by confining movement of personnel until they have been monitored and found free of contamination. A minor radiation spill is one that the laboratory staff is capable of handling safely without the assistance of safety and emergency personnel. All other radiation spills are considered major. Consult the University Radiation Safety Manual for additional information.

Minor Radiation Spill

  • Alert people in immediate area of the spill.
  • Wear protective equipment, including safety goggles, disposable gloves, shoe covers, and a long-sleeved lab coat.
  • Place absorbent paper towels over liquid spill.
  • Using proper radiation-safety techniques, clean the contaminated areas, moving from the edges toward the center.
  • Dispose of all contaminated waste in a radioactive-materials-waste container and properly seal and label it.
  • Monitor the area,your hands, and your shoes often for contamination with an appropriate survey meter or method. Repeat cleanup until contamination is no longer detected.
  • Notify the University Radiation Safety Office at 412-624-2728.

Major Radiation Spill

  • Attend to the injured or contaminated persons and remove them from exposure.
  • Alert people in the laboratory.
  • Have potentially contaminated personnel stay in one area until they have been monitored and shown to be free of contamination.
  • Call the Radiation Safety Office at 412-624-2728. (If there us no response, contact the Health Center Operator at 412-647-2345 and ask for assistance.)
  • Close doors and prevent entrance into the affected area.
  • Have person knowledgeable of the incident and laboratory available to assist emergency personnel.

Chemical Spill

Notes & Precautions

The range and quantity of hazardous substances used in laboratories require preplanning to respond safely to chemical spills. The cleanup of a chemical spill should only be done by knowledgeable and experienced personnel. Spill kits with instructions, absorbents, reactants, and protective equipment should be available to clean up minor spills. A minor chemical spill is one that the laboratory staff is capable of handling safely without the assistance of safety and emergency personnel. All other chemical spills are considered major. Consult the University Chemical Hygiene Plan for additional information.

Minor Chemical Spill

  • Avoid personal exposure or contamination.
  • Alert people in immediate area of the spill.
  • Review chemical information from MSDS or other source before attempting cleanup.
  • Wear protective equipment, including safety goggles, gloves, and a long-sleeved lab coat.
  • Do not breathe vapors from  the spill.
  • Confine the spill to a small area.
  • Use the appropriate spill kit to neutralize and absorb inorganic acids and bases. For other chemicals, use the appropriate kit or absorb the spill with vermiculite, dry sand, or diatomaceous earth.
  • Collect the residue, place it in a container, label it, and dispose of it as chemical waste.
  • Clean the spill area with water.
  • Call your department chemical-hygiene officer.

Major Chemical Spill

  • Do not attempt rescue unless you have the proper equipment and training.
  • Attend to injured or contaminated persons and remove them from exposure.
  • Escort injured or contaminated persons to an emergency eyewash station or emergency shower.
  • Instruct the person to remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • Alert people in the laboratory to evacuate; keep others away.
  • If the spilled material is flammable, turn off ignition and heat sources only from a safe location outside.
  • Send someone to call the chemical-spill emergency-response number.
  • Close doors to the affected area.
  • Have a person knowledgeable of the incident and laboratory assist emergency personnel.

Biological Spill

Notes & Precautions

Biological spills outside biological-safety cabinets will generate aerosols that can be dispersed in the air throughout the laboratory. These spills are very serious if they involve microorganisms that require Biosafety Level (BL) 3 containment, since most of these agents have the potential for transmitting disease by infectious aerosols. Appropriate protective equipment is particularly important in decontaminating spills involving microorganisms that require either BL 2 or BL 3 containment. This equipment includes a lab coat with long sleeves, back-fastening gown or jumpsuit, disposable gloves, disposable shoe covers, and safety goggles and mask or full face shield. Use of this equipment will prevent contact with contaminated surfaces and protect eyes and mucous membranes from exposure to splattered materials. Consult the University Biosafety Manual for additional information.

A minor biological spill is one that the laboratory staff is capable of handling safely without the assistance of safety and emergency personnel. All other biological spills are considered major. Minor biological spills involve:

  • releases of microorganisms requiring BL 1 containment without splashing or violent action
  • releases of a small volume of microorganisms requiring BL 2 containment without splashing or violent action

A major biological spill is one that requires assistance of safety and emergency personnel. Major biological spills involve:

  • releases of microorganisms requiring BL 2 containment that exhibit excessive splashing or violent action.
  • releases of a large volume of microorganisms requiring BL 2 containment.
  • releases of any quantity of microorganisms requiring BL 3 containment.

Minor Biological Spills

  • All persons should hold their breath and evacuate the affected area immediately.
  • Alert people in the area of the spill to evacuate.
  • Remove and disinfect any material that has been splashed on you and remove/disinfect grossly contaminated clothing.
  • Secure the affected area and post biohazard-warning signs.
  • Assess the situation and don the appropriate personal protective equipment for the cleanup operation.
  • Spill Cleanup Procedure:
    • Cover the spill with paper towels or other absorbent material to absorb the spill and prevent further aerosolization.
    • Pour disinfectant gently over the covered spill, working from the outside inwards.
    • Wait at least 30 minutes for the disinfectant to penetrate through the contained spill.
    • Using the appropriate tools (i.e., shovels, forceps), remove the absorbent material and place it in a biohazard bag for autoclaving and subsequent disposal.
  • Repeat Spill Cleanup Procedure over the original spill area to ensure disinfection and cleanup.
  • Notify your supervisor and Department of Environmental Health and Safety (biosafety officer) at 412-624-9505 of the incident.

Major Biological Spill

  • All persons should hold their breath and evacuate the affected area immediately.
  • Alert people in the area of the spill to evacuate.
  • Remove and disinfect any material that has been splashed on you and remove/disinfect grossly contaminated clothing.
  • Secure the affected area and post biohazard-warning signs.
  • Call the Biological Spill Emergency Response number.
  • Have person knowledgeable of the incident and the laboratory assist emergency personnel.
  • Notify your supervisor and the Department of Environmental Health and Safety (biosafety officer) at 412-624-9505 of the incident.

Personal Injury

Clothing on Fire

  • Roll the person around on floor to smother the flame, or drench the person with water if emergency shower is immediately available.
  • Obtain medical attention, if necessary.
  • Report the incident to supervisor.

Biological Spill on Body

  • Remove contaminated clothing.
  • Vigorously wash the exposed area with soap and water for one minute.
  • Obtain medical attention, if necessary.
  • Report the incident to supervisor and a University biosafety officer.

Radiation Spill on Body

  • Remove contaminated clothing.
  • Rinse the exposed area thoroughly with water.
  • Obtain medical attention, if necessary.
  • Report the incident to a supervisor and a University radiation safety officer.

Hazardous Material Splashed in Eye

  • Immediately rinse eyeball and inner surface of eyelid with water continuously for 15 minutes.
  • Forcibly hold the eye open to ensure effective wash behind eyelids.
  • Obtain medical attention.
  • Report the incident to a supervisor.

Chemical Spill on Body

  • Flood the exposed area with running water from a faucet or emergency shower for at least 15 minutes.
  • Immediately remove contaminated clothing and shoes.
  • Make sure chemical has not accumulated in shoes.
  • Obtain medical attention.
  • Report the incident to supervisor and a department chemical hygiene officer.

Minor Cuts and Puncture Wounds

  • Vigorously wash the injury with soap and water for several minutes.
  • Obtain medical attention.
  • Report the incident to a supervisor.